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Like cow milk, average goat milk composition may be influenced by many factors: season, lactation stage, race, genetics, herd feeding, environmental factors…
During milking, French goat milk contains 87% water, 4% glucids, 4% lipids, 3 to 4% proteins, around 0,5% minerals (amongst which 120 mg of calcium) and vitamines (A, D, B…)
Goat milk is rich in calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and selenium. Contents in these various elements is slightly higher than in cow milk. Goat milk richness in selenium is interesting because this mineral is a strong antioxidant. Besides importance of high input of calcium for bone formation and for prevention of diverse pathological disorders is no longer to be proven.
Regarding vitamins, goat milk is rich in vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B8.
The difference between cow milk and goat milk lies in proteins and fats.
Milk is composed of caseins and whey proteins. Usually goat milk contains less casein alpha-s-1 and more casein beta compared to cow milk. Its low composition in beta-lactoglobulin and in alpha1-casein makes goat milk more digest than cow milk. It is also closer to the maternal milk composition, and as result suitable for infants.
Goat milk fatty acids present an interesting singularity because it has a double proportion of short and medium chain fatty acids (caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid). Fatty acids are absorbed through a peculiar metabolic pathway: contrarily to long chain fatty acids, they will not go through the general circulatory system after a degradation process. Instead they are absorbed as such by the intestinal membrane before being brought directly to the liver where oxidation leads to a quick release of energy that may be used by many metabolic processes.
To obtain goat milk powder, goat milk must be dehydrated by spray drying.
Goat milk has two variants: whole and skimmed. It is possible to standardise fat rate during manufacturing process if it is needed for specific applications.
Goat milk powder suits many applications for food industry: infant food from first age to growth, dairy produce like yogurts or cheese, dietary products like dietary complements, sport diets or elderly diets. It is indeed used in many specific products thanks to its advantages for the body.
FIT has developed a partnership with a dairy plant specialised in goat milk.
As a result FIT may offer:
May be used in case of cow milk intolerance
Easy to store: powder